Cave spawning

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This page explains the game's process behind spawning enemies in a cave. This is obtained through observation, and is subject to have some parts incorrect.

Editor's note: Until further notice, this only applies to spawning enemies.


Some time after the cave is built out of its available units, the game will run this "main algorithm" in order to spawn objects.

Main algorithm[edit]

  1. For each TekiInfo entry in the sublevel's configuration, in order...
    1. Store the minimum amount of enemies to spawn.
    2. Store the spawn coordinate type.
    3. Do the spawn algorithm with this enemy type, amount, and spawn coordinate type.
  2. If the number of enemies hasn't reached {f002} yet...
    1. For each TekiInfo entry in the sublevel's configuration...
      1. Grab its random distribution weight and add it to a list.
    2. While the number of enemies hasn't reached {f002}...
      1. Randomly decide what enemy to spawn next, using the weighted list built in the last step.
      2. Store the enemy's type.
      3. Store the spawn coordinate type.
      4. Do the spawn algorithm with this enemy type, amount of 1, and spawn coordinate type.
  3. Remove every spawned object that is not meant to be there (collected treasures, Candypop Buds that disappear when you have 20+, etc.)

Spawn algorithm[edit]

  1. While the intended amount of enemies hasn't been spawned yet...
    1. If all of the possible spawn positions of the intended type have been used up, leave this algorithm.
    2. Pick a random non-dead end spawn coordinate of the intended type (every unit in the cave has a set of spawn coordinates).
    3. If this coordinate is out of bounds, skip it.
    4. If this coordinate has already been used, skip it.
    5. Decide how many enemies to spawn here, picking randomly between the spawn coordinate's amount limits.
    6. For each one in that amount...
      1. If the number of enemies spawned here surpasses the intended amount, leave this algorithm.
      2. Spawn that enemy in these coordinates (with slight variation).
    7. Mark this spawn coordinate as used.

Weighted distribution[edit]

Some types of object may come up more often than others. For instance, a developer could want a cave where the enemy slots are filled randomly, with each one having a 90% chance of being a Red Bulborb, and 10% chance of being a Wollywog. This is known as weighted random distribution. The way Pikmin 2 does this is that every object definition has a weight number that goes from 0 to 9. Any object definition with a weight of 0 will not be picked, though.

To know what the chances are of the game picking a given object, all of the weight numbers are summed up, and the chance of that object is <object's weight> / <sum>. So for example, if you have the following list:

Object Weight
Red Bulborb 4
Wollywog 7
Water Dumple 3

The chances of spawning a Red Bulborb are 28.5% (4 in 14), the chances of a Wollywog are 50% (7 in 14), and the chances of a Water Dumple are 21.4% (3 in 14).